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LiTAS™

Lithium Ion Transport and Separation (LiTAS™) is EnergyX’s proprietary technology that stems from metal organic frameworks (MOFs) nanoparticles capable of selectively separating monovalent ions, such as lithium, from the rest of the ions in mixtures of high salinity solutions while maintaining stability in a myriad of conditions. No other technology has ever been able to do this.

Lithium being a specialty material that provides enhanced performance and unique characteristics to transform the energy industry, cost-effective and time-efficient extraction is the holy grail. EnergyX is working to master these problems, and is driving the growth of the global lithium industry while making low-carbon technology cheaper and more accessible.

Overview

LiTAS™ tech is the synthesis and characterization of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) comprising mixtures of polymer and MOF to retain the attractive selectivity of the MOF, and the scalable and robust mechanical properties of polymers. EnergyX has designed and patented a proprietary scalable casting method to combine our metal organic framework nanoparticles with polymers to create the mixed matrix membranes in a thin film format.

Quick Facts
Recovery Rate
~90% Lithium
Continuous Process
1-2 days
Fresh Water Required
0
Operates Conditions
20-40% high salinity

LiTAS™ BREAKDOWN & IMPLEMENTATION

Metal Organic Frameworks (MOF)
Metal nanoparticles connected together by organic linkers, performing as a size sieve.
Mixed Matrix Membrane (MMM)
MMM are highly interconnected networks of MOF held together by a polymer.
EnergyX Membrane Module
Large formed sheets of MMM are rolled into a module for the separation of lithium.
EnergyX Module Cluster Rack
Thousands of modules are linked together to a lithium extraction facility.

LiTAS™ TECHNOLOGY COMPARISON

While current membrane technology on the market falls short in one area or another, LiTAS™ is far more effective than any other technology currently available. Methods such as reverse osmosis can separate all ions out of water but are not selective. Nanofiltration can selectively separate ions, but cannot operate in high salinity environments (over 10% salinity) without dilution with freshwater. Other processes such as ion sorption and ion exchange can’t operate at high salinity, are a batch process versus a preferred continuous process, and require high amounts of fresh water and reagents with high power consumption.

 EnergyX
Membranes
Ion
Sorption
Ion Exchange
Resin
NanofiltrationReverse
Osmosis
Forward
Osmosis
Selectivity
Li vs Na
Selectivity
Li vs Mg2+
Operates at
High Salinity
Continuous
Process
Adaptable
Platform
Enviromentally
Neutral
Low Power
Consumption
Non-
Regenerative
No Freshwater
Required

Lithium refinery

EnergyX has developed breakthrough, nanotechnology membranes capable of nearly instant separation with high recovery rates. Our proprietary LiTAS™ membrane technology isolates the lithium ions from a mixture, and create a monovalent lithium rich solution. As opposed to outdated methods of lithium extraction, recovery, separation, and refinery, such as evaporation ponds.

Stringing many LiTAS™ modules together into racks, and multiple racks into a larger system creates the overall facility to extract lithium from lithium enriched brine.

Lithium Ponds

LiTAS™ Direct extraction

Time comparison
18 months
few days
Recovery rate comparison
30%
90%
Gallons of fresh water used
500K /ton
0 /ton
Performance comparison
??
??
Price comparison
$1,000
$1,000

Energy Storage

EnergyX is positioning itself to be a major player throughout the energy storage value chain. As renewable energy demand soars, the need for low cost, large-scale energy storage systems is also rising.

Lithium batteries have been identified as a major part of the future of any renewable energy transition, and their implementation in electric mobility and projects of various scales has shown off just how versatile they can be.

Overview

There are two elements in the global transition to renewable energy; energy generation and energy storage. First, the generation of renewable electricity, (i.e solar and wind) has seen prices drop dramatically making them economically favorable. However, at times when renewable energy generation ceases, such as at night for solar or on calm days for wind, we revert to burning fossil fuels over renewable energy storage. Therefore, the second element to a sustainable energy future is the storage capabilities of renewable energy so that we can use solar and wind energy even when the sun’s not out or the wind isn’t blowing. This is where lithium batteries and large scale energy storage systems come into play.

Quick Facts
Missing label
1
Missing label
2

Battery Evolution

Just like the computer chip, batteries keep getting smaller, faster, and better. A long time ago, we started with lead-acid, now we have batteries powering cars, soon hopefully houses airplanes and whole cities. The energy storage revolution is upon us, and we think solid state lithium ion batteries are next.

The market for zero-emission, hybrid and fully electric vehicles is estimated to be worth $912 Billion by 2026. IEA predicts there could be 130 million EV’s on the road by 2030. However, there are significant issues to be addressed, and batteries need to be further reduced in cost, perform more efficiently and have long lifespans. Solid state batteries accomplished the like.

Solid State Battery Systems

EnergyX is working on solid state battery electrolyte technology using its core LiTAS™ nanotechnology to solve some of these problems. Solid state batteries are the Holy Grail of energy storage as the evolution of batteries continues.

During our preliminary research we have seen that lithium ions transport through our metal organic framework nanoparticles at unprecedented rates. These results translate to extraordinary levels of conductivity and possible application as a solid state separator inside the battery.

Overview

Solid-state batteries are a transformational extension and optimization of lithium-ion batteries. The fundamental reason solid state is ideal is because it maximizes the energy density of battery, while lowering the weight, and making it safer. All of these characteristics are paramount to improved function.

Quick Facts
Energy Density
5-10× higher
Capacity
Up to 500% more
Voltage
Significantly higher
Charging Time
Up to 6× faster
Life cycle
Up to 10 years longer
Flammability
No

SOLID VS. LIQUID STATE FLOW COMPARISON

Lithium flows from the anode to the cathode in a battery. The battery chemistry solid state batteries are superior to liquid state electrolytes. The basis of how our LiTAS™ cell work with a membrane based solid state electrolyte and separator.